The Inadequate is an extended performance that occupies the Spanish Pavilion in the Giardini of Venice from June 1 to November 27.
The players of The Inadequate are:
Accademia della Follia
Accademia della Follia is a theatre group founded in 1992 by Claudio Misculin, artist, actor and director, Angela Pianca and Cinzia Quintiliani. L’Accademia della Follia is a theatre and cultural project about theatre and madness. It is formed by actors in a state of urgency or risk, a singular and universal experience where individual suffering finds the space of words and gestures. The research by Accademia della Follia was initiated in Trieste, in the ex ospedale psichiatrico, at the time when Franco Basaglia tore down the walls of the mental hospital and declared it open for good.
Actor, author and artist living in Ghent, Belgium.
Nanni Balestrini was born in Milan in 1935. He is an extremely respected Italian novelist, artist, and poet. He is the author of the celebrated two novels on the political struggles of ’68 and the ‘years of lead’: Vogliamo Tutto and The Unseen, as well as the ambitious collective essay L’orda d’oro 1968–1977. Also active in the field of the visual arts, he has exhibited in numerous galleries in Italy and abroad, as well as at the Venice Biennale in 1993.
Marco Baravalle (1979) lives in Venice. Curator and activist at S.a.L.E.–Docks (www.saledocks.org). He edited the book L’arte della sovversione (The Art of Subversion), Rome: Manifestolibri, 2009.
Gianfranco Baruchello (Livorno, 1924) is a manyfacetted artist and pioneer. He is a radical and political artist, in his attention to the everyday and in his understanding of artistic labour as the creation of new practices of living; and yet he has always avoided the aesthetisation of politics.
Bobi (Roberto) Bazlen was an eccentric Triestine intellectual of Jewish origins with a wide range of recondite interests. He translated Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams (1949), and was the first promoter of Jungian psychoanalysis in Italy. Convinced that everything had already been written, he refused to publish anything of his own. His writings were posthumously edited by Roberto Calasso as Scritti (1984), and include fragments of a Joycean novel, Il capitano di lungo corso (1973).
Carmelo Bene (1937–2002) was an Italian actor, film director and screenwriter. In 1979 he wrote, in collaboration with French philosopher Gilles Deleuze, the essay ‘Superpositions’. He appeared as Creon in Oedipus Rex, directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini (1967).
Franco Berardi (aka Bifo)
Franco Berardi (aka Bifo) is an Italian philosopher, political activist, writer, and media theorist who is currently Professor of Social History of Communication at the Accademia di Belle Arti of Milan. Bifo was a member of the Italian group Potere operaio (Worker Power). After Potere operaio broke up into a number of groups between 1973 and 1974, Bifo joined Autonomia’s ‘cultural wing’, which experimented with media and cultural production. Since the 1990’s Bifo has focused on the changing nature of capitalism and its use of communication technology and culture within a new regime of production.
Beppe Caccia is a member of the Department of Political Studies, University of Turin, he is part of the Network Uninomade and he is town councillor in Venice for the civil list ‘In Common’.
Francesco Careri is a member of the architectural collective Stalker. Stalker Lab is a loose collective of architects and artists that emerged in the mid-nineties; they organised epic walks tracing the outer reaches of Rome’s ever-expanding outskirts and documented them through writing and photography.
Geoffrey Carey is an actor born in Hollywood, USA, and based in Paris, France. He has participated in several avant-garde films such as Le Territoire (Raoul Ruiz, 1981) and Der Stand der Dinge (Wim Wenders, 1982). Since the early eighties he has participated in many theatre and film productions in Europe.
Barbara Casavecchia is a freelance writer and independent curator based in Milan. Currently a contributing editor at Frieze, her articles have appeared in D/La Repubblica, Flash Art, Art Review, Kaleidoscope and Mousse. Since 2008, she curates (with Andrea Zegna) the art project ‘All’Aperto’ (Trivero, Italy). Recently, she edited Alberto Garutti (Silvana, 2009) and two books on Enzo Mari (Kaleidoscope Press, 2010; Mondadori, 2011).
A student of literature and anthropology, Ascanio Celestini is keenly interested in the commedia dell’arte, and runs a number of workshops. Since his first play Cicoria (1998), centered on Pasolini, he has created pieces using the formats of monologue, testimony and encounter.
Alessandro Dal Lago
Alessandro Dal Lago is a professor of Sociology at the University of Genoa. His research interests include the changing nature of contemporary wars, ethnography of the societal control studies, and social science theory and methodology. Dal Lago’s latest publications in English include Conflict, Security and the Reshaping of Society: The Civilization of War (Routledge 2010, co-published with Salvatore Palidda) and Non-Persons. The Exclusion of Migrants in a Global Society (IPOC, 2009).
Anna Daneri (1966) lives and works in Genoa. Independent curator, she is one of the founders of Peep-Hole Art Center, Milan. A member of the board of ART for the World, an ONG for which she organises exhibitions, between 1995–2010 she was coordinator and curator of the Advanced Course in Visual Arts of Fondazione Antonio Ratti.
Vincenzo de Bellis
Vincenzo de Bellis (1977) lives and works in Milan. He is a founding director and curator at Peep- Hole Art Center, Milan, and an editor of Peep- Hole Sheet, a quarterly publication of writings by artists. De Bellis holds a Master of Arts in Curatorial Practice from Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, NY.
Claudia De Michelis
With a doctorate in Etnoanthropology from the university ‘La Sapienza’ in Rome on the cinema of David Cronenberg, Claudia De Michelis is the coordinator of documentary research at the Museo Laboratorio della Mente in Rome (ex ospedale psichiatrico Santa Maria della Pietà).
Peppe Dell’Acqua is the Director of the Department of Mental Health, Trieste, Italy. He is the author of several books: on families and people with schizophrenia; and on the psychiatric reforms in Italy beginning with the influence of Franco Basaglia in the 1960s to the present.
Fausto Delle Chiaie
Fausto Delle Chiaie (Rome, 1944) is the artist behind the intriguing outdoor display in Piazza Augusto Imperatore. He considers his time at art school irrelevant (he made paintings of desperate figures in desperate times, long, gnarled, dry-boned and in startling black). In the 1980s he lived in Brussels, where he held exhibitions in his forlorn studio apartment. Never finding a gallery, nor perhaps wanting one, he eventually returned to his native city.
Bernhard Echte (1958) is a literature expert, a publicist and freelance curator. Until 2006 he was the director of the Robert Walser Archive, besides being member and spokesman of the Robert Walser Society, both of them in Zurich. He studied German literature, Philosophy and History. He lives in Wädenswil, near Zurich.
Bernhard Echte deciphered, together with Werner Morlang, Robert Walser’s micro-scripts, a monumental task taking 18 years to complete. The micro-scripts were manuscripts written with pencil on discarded paper and thought meaningless: the product of Walser’s mental condition. They turned out to be one of the most fascinating literary treasures of the twentieth century, a wonder of humanity and the mastery of language.
Eva Fabbris (1979) lives and works in Milan. She is currently writing a doctorate at the University of Trento on Artist-Curated Exhibitions: For an Alternative Genealogy of the Curatorial Practice. She is curator at the Kaleidoscope Project Space, Milan. She was a curatorial assistant at Museion, Modern and Contemporary Art Museum, Bolzano (2007-2009) and adjunct curator at Fondazione Galleria Civica – Centro di Ricerca per la Contemporaneità di Trento (2009).
Maria Fiano (www.rebiennale.org) is an activist from the Venetian laboratory Morion and the collective Rebiennale, a group about recycling and reusing discarded materials coming from the Biennale. Rebiennale operates as a device to restore to the city’s closed urban areas and unoccupied housing.
Christian Frosi and Diego Perrone
Christian Frosi and Diego Perrone are two Italian visual artists that have come together to carry out the project Eroina (Heroin). This project comes from a series of traces gathered during a road trip made by these artists. In two months they visited thirty Italian cities to research and explore the different realities somehow connected with the contemporary: a paradoxical promenade. Christian Frosi was born in Milan in 1973, where he lives and works. Diego Perrone was born in 1970 in Asti, Italy.
Giovanna Gallio has a degree in philosophy from the University of Bologna, Italy, while her doctorate research focused on ‘Psychothérapie Institutionnelle’. She continued studying sociology in Paris, has written numerous books and publications, and has collaborated since 1987 with the Centro Studi e Ricerche per la Salute Mentale della Regione Friuli – Venezia Giulia. She was a close collaborator of Franco Basaglia.
Dora García is a Spanish visual artist. She is the initiator of the project The Inadequate for the Spanish Pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2011.
Piergiorgio Giacchè is an associate professor in the Department of Man and Territory at the University of Perugia, Italy. He directed research on deviation and solitude, on the condition of youth and on the political participation, before commencing his research on the connection between cultural and theatre anthropology. He was a member of the International School of Theatre Anthropology (1981-91), where he followed the phenomenon of ‘group theatre’ and the ‘identity of the spectator’. He was the first president of the Foundation Carmelo Bene (2002-5).
Gino Giometti is a philosopher and translator, and was the editor of Robert Walser in Italian at the publishing house Quodlibet, whose backlist also includes Carmelo Bene, Robert Castel, Gilles Deleuze, Sigmund Freud, Felix Guattari, Franz Kafka and Georges Perec.
Lucas Marco Gisi
Lucas Gisi is a specialist in German literature and the current director of the Robert Walser Zentrum und Archiv in Bern, Switzerland.
Stefano Graziani (1971), artist photographer, graduated in architecture and currently teaches at Trieste University, where he lives. His work has been exhibited and published in several individual publications and anthologies. He is a cofounder of San Rocco Magazine.
Alberto Grifi (1938–2007) is considered one of the founders of the so-called Italian experimental cinema. Painter, director, cameraman, actor, photographer for advertising campaigns on arts and fashion, he was also the inventor of the video-film device vidigrafo, used in the 1972 production Anna. Alice Guareschi
Alice Guareschi is a visual artist living in Milan.
Guarnaccia (Milan, 1954) can be regarded as the most significant representative of the psychedelic culture that emerged in Italy in the sixties and sixties, and is one of the most careful observers of Italian marginal, alternative and underground culture.
Samir Kandil is a playwrite, film director, actor and writer based in Düsseldorf.
Andrea Lanini is a visual artist born in Rome in 1946, where he still lives and works.
Vincenzo Latronico (Rome, 1984) lives in Milan. After majoring in Italian and Philosophy, he began an unfinished doctorate. He is the translator of authors such as Hanif Kureishi (with Ivan Cotroneo), Markus Miessen, Maxence Fermine, Seth Price, A. A. Ammons, Max Beerbohm and Rudolf Carnap (with Renato Pettoello). His first novel, Ginnastica e rivoluzione, was published in Italy in 2008.
Maurizio Lazzarato is a sociologist and writer, based in Paris. He is a member of the editorial board of Multitudes. Among his publications are Videofilosofia. La percezione del tempo nel postfordismo (Manifestolibri, 1997), Lavoro immateriale. Forme di vita e produzione di soggettività (Ombre Corta, 1997), La politica dell’evento (Rubbetino, 2004), Les révolutions du capitalisme (Les empêcheurs de penser en rond, 2004), Puissances de l’invention. La Psychologie économique de Gabriel Tarde contre l’économie politique (Les empêcheurs de penser en rond, 2002), and Le nouveau partage du sensible. L’expérimentation politique aujourd’hui (Éditions Amsterdam, 2009).
Corrado Levi is a multifaceted figure: architect and teacher, theorist and critic, curator, freethinker. He was involved from the outset in the bookshop Dogana (the ‘Library of Women’ in Milan), and with Mario Mieli cofounded the movement ‘Fuori!’ (1973), which could be considered the foundation of the gay movement in Italy.
Luca Lo Pinto
Luca Lo Pinto is a curator based in Rome and editor of Nero magazine.
Christian Marazzi is Professor and Director of Socio-Economic Research at the Scuola Universitaria della Svizzera Italiana. His ongoing researches and studies on the main changes in the current dynamics of capital production and accumulation (from Post-Fordism to the linguistic and financial turn in the economy) provide some of the most stimulating and critical views on contemporary late-capitalism logics and predicaments.
Francesco Matarrese was born in Molfetta, Italy, in 1950. In his early twenties he launched a successful career as Conceptual artist. In 1978, with his famous Telegramma di rifiuto, he began a long artistic silence evolving progressively into an impossible catalogue of non-works, an intense artistic research and a collaboration with Mario Tronti (Centro studi e iniziative per la Riforma dello Stato www.centroriformastato.org)
Fabio Mauri (Rome, 1926–2009) was a painter, writer and performer, a leading figure of the neo-avant-garde and a friend of Pasolini since schooldays; a fascinating, fundamental and complex artist, with a strong influence on the work of younger colleagues.
John McCourt (Dublin, 1965) was educated at Belvedere College and University College Dublin, where he gained his doctorate. Since 1991 he has taught at the University of Trieste, where with Renzo S. Crivelli he founded and directs the annual Trieste Joyce School. He is authorof The Years of Bloom: James Joyce in Trieste 1904–1920 (Dublin: Lilliput Press and Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000) and James Joyce: A Passionate Exile (London: Orion Books and New York: St Martin’s Press, 2000).
Author, actor and artist based in Berlin.
Antonio Moresco was born in Mantua and lives in Milan. He published his first collection of short stories, Clandestinità, at the age of forty-six. He has gone on to publish several more books, among them the short novel La cipolla (The Onion), the autobiographical Lettere a nessuno (Letters to No One) and his 500-page novel Gli esordi (The Beginning). Moresco has created controversy with his critiques of experimentalism, postmodernism, and members of the cannon such as Italo Calvino.
Margherita Morgantin was born in Venice in 1971; graduating in Architecture at I.U.A.V., she now lives and works in Milan, Venice and Palermo. She has taken part in exhibitions (solo and collective) in Italy and abroad.
Giuliano Nannipieri, is a poet and philosopher from Livorno, and an elementary school teacher. His work in the last few years has dealt with artistic parasitism and unauthorised actions in institutions like the Centro Pecci and the Venice Biennale.
Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at nineteen, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone! (1961) was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life of a pimp in the slums of Rome caused a sensation. He was arrested in 1962 when his contribution to the portmanteau film Ro.Go.Pa.G. (1963) was considered blasphemous and given a suspended sentence. It might have been expected that his next film, The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964), which presented the Biblical story in a totally realistic, stripped-down style, would cause a similar furore but, in fact, it was rapturously acclaimed as one of the few honest portrayals of Christ on screen. Pasolini’s film career would then alternate distinctly personal and often scandalously erotic adaptations of classic literary texts: Oedipus Rex (1967); The Decameron (1971); The Canterbury Tales (1972); Arabian Nights (1974), with his own more personal projects, expressing his controversial views on Marxism, atheism, fascism and homosexuality, notably Teorema (1968), Pigsty and the notorious Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1975). Pasolini was murdered in still mysterious circumstances shortly after completing the film.
Laura Pelaschiar is programme director of the Trieste Joyce School. She graduated in English language and literature at the University of Trieste with an MA thesis on Laurence Sterne’s Sentimental Journey. Her research focuses mainly on the work of James Joyce and the nexus between Joycean texts, the Gothic tradition and Shakespeare. She published Ulisse Gotico (Pacini Editore) in 2009. She has also published widely on the Northern Irish novel. She teaches English literature and English language at the University of Trieste.
Mario Perniola is full professor of Aesthetics and former director of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Rome “Tor Vergata” (Italy). He is one of the most impressive figures in contemporary Italian philosophy. He has distinguished himself by his analyses on art theory, contemporary arts and aesthetics. His work is connected to the avant-garde, Situationist International, postmodernism, posthumanism and critical theory.
Cesare Pietroiusti lives in Rome, where he was born in 1955. He has a degree in Medicine with an essay on Psychiatry (1979). Co-founder of the artist-run space ‘Jartrakor’ in Rome (1979-84), co-coordinator of the ‘Oreste’ projects (1997-2001) and initiator of ‘Nomads & Residents’, New York, 2000. Teacher at the Laboratorio Arti Visive, I.U.A.V. University, Venice. www.nonfunctionalthoughts.net
Aldo Piromalli (Rome, 1946) is a poet and an artist. He wrote his first poem at the age of nine and soon became one of the protagonists of the Roman beat scene of the sixties. In 1971 he was sentenced to prison for marihuana use and, once released, left Italy and established himself in Amsterdam. He is the author of the graphic novel Psychiatry, or Death of the Soul (1977).
Maria Rita Prette
Maria Rita Prette is the president of the cooperative Sensibili alle Foglie
(http://www.sensibiliallefoglie.it) and curator of Progetto Memoria.
Emilio Prini (Stresa, 1943) was an early protagonist of the Arte Povera movement and is one of the most enigmatic artists of the moment. Prini’s ideas greatly influenced the art critics of that time, as they continue to do today. He playfully uses light, photography, sound and written texts to explore the nature of experience and perception, and the relationship between reality and reproduction.
Federico Rahola is Professor of Sociology of Cultural Processes at the University of Genoa. Starting from migrations and border studies, recently his attention has converged towards current conflicts and their political and sociological impact.
Liliana Rampello is a teacher of aesthetics in the University of Bologna and a writer.
Francesco Raparelli is a philosopher and activist based in Rome. He is one of the promoters of the space Eccedi Sottrai Crea in Rome: www.escatelier.net.
Marco Revelli was born in Cuneo in 1947. He is a historian and sociologist, and teacher of politicial sciences in the university of Piemonte. He was one of the leading figures of the student movement in Turin (1967) and participated in the foundation of Lotta Continua (1969). Lotta Continua (“continuous struggle”, in Italian) was a far left extraparliamentary organization in Italy.
Antonio Rezza (Novara, 1965) is a theatre and film author, director and writer. Since 1987 he has collaborated with artist Flavia Mastrella, the duo already having achieved the status of classic.
Bruna Roccasalva (1974) lives and works in Milan. She is a founding director and curator at Peep- Hole Art Center, Milan, and an editor of Peep- Hole Sheet, a quarterly publication of writings by artists. Since 2011, she has been Head of Publications at Mousse Publishing. From 2004–10 she served as an associate curator at the Galleria d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea (Bergamo).
Carmen Roll was born in Germany and moved to Trieste in 1972. Since then she has been one of the leading figures of the so-called Basaglian revolution or de-institutional movement born and developed around the ex ospedale psichiatrico di San Giovanni in Trieste (see www.deistituzionalizzazione-trieste.it).
Daniela Rosi is responsible for the Osservatorio Outsider Art in the Academy of Fine Arts in Verona.
A psychiatrist, Franco Rotelli began his career at the University Psychiatric Clinic in Parma and the forensic hospital at Castiglione delle Stiviere, before working with Franco Basaglia, first in Parma and then in Trieste. He was Director of the Trieste Mental Health Services from 1980–95. He directed various cooperation projects in Cuba, Greece, Slovenia and Argentina. He directed the European intervention in the Leros Hospital, Greece, and was Managing Director of the Trieste Healthcare Services Agency from 1998–2001 and again from 2004–10. In 2001–3, he was Managing Director of the Caserta Healthcare Services Agency and chaired the Campania Regional Board for Mental Health. He is the author of numerous publications, a selection of which appeared in the volume Per la normalità (For Normality).
Edoardo Salzano is an urbanist, a university professor and a journalist. He is also a reformist and intellectual intransigent, a mixture of civil radicalism and sentimental impulses. He is founder of www.eddyburg.it, a platform that intends to promote a culture of living, using and governing the territory that could assure equal access to common goods, and participatory practices to govern the public sphere.
Davide Savorani (1977) is a visual artist and performer. He lives and works in Longiano (Italy). His practice, through the use of drawing, photography, installation and performance, explores the potentiality of bodies and spaces as possible areas of invasion and mutations.
Marco Scotini is an art critic and independent curator. He is Director of the Visual Arts School and Director of M.A. in Visual Arts and Curatorial Studies at Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti in Milan. He is one of the founding members of Isola Art Center in Milan.
Fritz Senn is founder and Director of the Zürich James Joyce Foundation. He has written widely on all aspects of Joyce’s work, especially on Joyce and translation and also on Joyce’s use of Classical literature. His publications include Joyce’s Dislocutions, edited by John Paul Riquelme (1984), Inductive Scrutinies: Focus on Joyce, edited by Christine O’Neill (1995). A volume of interviews tracing his recollections of a life in the Joyce community, The Joycean Murmoirs, was published in 2007, edited by Christine O’Neill. A German edition of this work, Zerrinnerungen, also appeared in 2007.
Walter Siti (Modena, 1947) is the editor of the Complete Works of Pasolini for the series ‘I Meridiani’ (Mondadori). He is a literary critic, essayist and writer.
Pier Paolo Tamburelli
Pier Paolo Tamburelli studied architecture at the University of Genoa and at the Berlage Institute in Rotterdam. He collaborated with Domus in the period 2004–7. He was guest editor of OASE 79 James Stirling 1964–1992. A Non-Dogmatic Accumulation of Formal Knowledge.
Jakob Tamm is a Swedish theatre and film actor, based in Stockholm.
Massimo Torrigiani lives in Milano and is a freelance journalist and publisher. He has edited the magazines Rodeo and Boiler, and in 2009 he launched Fantom.
Bianca Tosatti is an art historian, a scholar and a collector of outsider art.
Uffici per la Immaginazione Preventiva
Uffici per la Immaginazione Preventiva was founded in 1973 by Franco Falasca, together with Carlo Maurizio Benveduti and Tullio Catalano, with the purpose of expanding and undefining the notions of art and literature. At the moment of its institution, the Offices (Uffici) were divided in the following sections:
1) for the development and future saturation of the analytical imagination – Tullio Catalano – based in Rome;
2) for the relation between liberating imagination and repressive imagination
with respect to the emotions – Franco Falasca – based in Rome;
3) for the relation between liberating imagination and repressive imagination with regard to meanings – C. Maurizio Benveduti – based in Rome;
4) for the New Imagination- Giancarlo Croce – based in Rome;
5) for the decolonisation of imagination – Francois Loriot – based in Nantes;
6) a chair of preventive imagination – Mario Diacono – based in New York;
7) seventh section – Fabio Mauri – based in Rio de Janeiro.
Franco Vaccari (Modena, 1936) has shown his work at four Venice Biennales to date (1972, 1980, 1993 and 1995), the Centre Pompidou in Paris and P.S.1 in New York. He is also well known in Italy as a critic and author.
Nicola Valentino was born in Avellino in 1954. He was imprisoned in 1979 with a life sentence for acts related to the armed struggle of the seventies. He started, together with Renato Curcio and Stefano Petrelli, Nel Bosco di Bistorco (Sensibili alle Foglie, Roma, 1990), a reflection of many voices on the forms of imprisonment and how to survive them. He attained limited release 1991 and he is one of the founding members of the cooperative of research and the publishing house Sensibili alle Foglie (sensibiliallefoglie.it).
Wurmkos, an ever-changing ensemble of individuals, was founded in 1987 by the artist Pasquale Campanella at the Cooperativa Lotta contro l’Emarginazione in Sesto San Giovanni, a halfway house for psychologically distressed people. It is an experience that puts art and psychological distress together, but without making ‘treatment’ the objective, as it is art therapy. The group’s self-defined objective is to promote artistic experience itself as a specific choice of a direct relationship with society, for the reconquest of places where creativity and illness are the protagonists of social relations rather than of marginalisation, spreading its own artistic work in the worlds of culture and art.